A United States District Court Judge for the Judicial District of New Jersey has sentenced a former employee of Sanofi-Aventis (“Sanofi”) to 18 months in prison for attempting to sell Sanofi’s trade secrets for her own gain. In announcing the sentencing, the United States Attorney explained that the defendant, a foreign national working in the U.S., had been a research chemist at Sanofi for five years, assisting in the development of several compounds that Sanofi considered its trade secrets. The defendant accessed internal, confidential databases and copied 144,000 chemical compounds to her personal computer. She then offered to sell the compounds over a website owned by a company in which she was a fifty percent owner. The criminal complaint filed by the government detailed the extensive protections Sanofi employed to protect the theft of its trade secrets. This is the second criminal case this year brought by the U.S. Department of Justice against a foreign national working in the U.S., concerning the theft of trade secrets from a pharmaceutical company in New Jersey.